The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to a future world where all types of electronic devices link to each other via the Internet. According to lead IDATE analyst Samuel Ropert, the scope of the IoT is currently quite broad, as it includes communicating devices and M2M.
“[The IoT actually] aims to go beyond M2M by enabling any object to connect and leverage the Internet (Internet of Objects – IoO) even if it does not contain the electronics required to connect directly to the Internet; it connects to the internet with the use of an intermediate device,” Ropert explained.
“[Based on] this definition, 15 billion things (machines, connected devices and objects) were connected to the Internet in 2012, up from 4 billion in 2010. In 2020, there will be 80 billion where IoO will represent 85% of the total IoT, ahead of communicating devices with 11% and M2M with only 4%.”
Indeed, says Ropert, the IoT encompasses multiple and heterogeneous building blocks.
“Underlying M2M and IoO run over different hardware and communication technologies. While RFID and 2D barcodes are used to interact with objects in the IoO concept, M2M application will rely on several different networking technologies that allow the machine to communicate and transmit the data it has generated (or is meant to receive, depending on the application and the machine),” he continued.
“Nevertheless, implementing an open Internet of Things requires a new kind of architecture with scalable naming and addressing (ONS) technologies and new sustainable tools to access the data, as the Internet of Things is designed to browse vast (M2M and IoO) databases.”
Ropert also noted that M2M and IoO are being driven by vertical markets, with the leading verticals in terms of connected objects (IoO) expected to be the pharmaceutical and textile industries by 2020.